My research interests arise from the recognition that the livelihoods of millions of people are intimately dependent on human-managed landscapes and the ecosystem services they provide. Human land-use can result in the creation of highly persistent changes to the structure and ecological function of affected landscapes which can last for decades to millennia. Although many ecologists are now re-examining modern landscapes in the context of environmental history, few consider how modern land-use practices may be creating new legacies and their implications for type and quality of resources available in the future.
This understanding of human-environment relationships in agricultural landscapes is particularly relevant as the world works towards the Sustainable Development Goals which will guide the global development agenda for the coming decades. People often assume that there is always a strong trade-off between agriculture and conservation agendas. My work focuses on bringing forth ecological understandings of the mutually beneficial relationships that can be had by integrating conservation and agricultural management practices to support healthy, vibrant agro-ecosystems and landscapes.
Wood, SLR, Jones, SK, Johnson, JA, Brauman, KA, Chaplin-Kramer,R, Fremier, A, Girvetz, E, Gordon, LJ, Kappel, CV, Mandle, L, Mulligan, M, O’Farrell, P, Smith,WK, Willemen, WL, Zhang, W and FA DeClerck. 2018. Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals. Ecosystem Services, 29(A): 70-82.
Reid, AJ,Brooks, JL, Dolgova, L, Laurich, B, Sullivan, BG, Szekeres, P, Wood, , SLR, Bennett, JR and SJ Cooke. 2017. Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals still neglecting their environmental roots in the Anthropocene. Environmental Science and Policy, 77: 179-184.
DeClerck, FA …Wood, SLR and W Zhang. 2017. Agricultural ecosystems and their services: the vanguard of sustainability? Current Opinions in Environmental Sustainability, 23: 92-99.
Atwood, S. DeClerck, FA, Estrada-Carmona, N, Wood, SLR. 2017. Chapter 3: Using Biodiversity to provide multiple services in sustainable farming systems. In:The Agrobiodiversity Index. Bioversity International, Routledge.
Wood, SLR, Rhemtulla, JM and OT Coomes. 2016.Cropping history trumps fallow duration in long‐term soil and vegetation dynamics of shifting cultivation systems. Ecological Applications, 27(2): 519–531.
Kanter, D*, Musumba, M*, Wood, SLR*, Palm, C, Antle, J, Balvanera, P, Dale, VH, Havlik, P, Kline, KL, Scholes, RJ, Tittonell, P, Thornton, P and S Andelman. 2016. Evaluating agricultural trade-offs in the age of sustainable development. Agricultural Systems, 163, 73-88.
Wood, SLR, Rhemtulla, JM and OT Coomes. 2016. Intensification of tropical fallow-based agriculture: Trading-off ecosystem services for economic gain in shifting cultivation landscapes? Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 215: 47–56.
Wood, SLR and FA DeClerck. 2015. Ecosystem Services and human well-being in the Sustainable Development Goals. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13: 123