After completing my studies in Oceanography at the School of Ocean Sciences of the University of Bangor, I started to work as a lecturer at the University of Algarve (UAlg) in Portugal, where I am now a tenured professor, carrying out my research at IMAR- the Institute of Marine Research, Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, CIMA.
My research is focused on regions of restricted exchange, such as coastal lagoons, fjords, enclosed bays and seas. These coastal zones are particularly vulnerable to impacts from human activities and natural hazards that may be quite distant from the coastal zone in the case of large watersheds or air sheds. Climate change may have large impacts on the fragile environment and the livelihood of the people depending on them.
Many of the pressures in the coastal zone are driven by activities in the adjacent terrestrial catchments, so naturally I have a keen interest in Land-Ocean interactions. Working with projects and networks such as IGBP, IHDP, and LOICZ should further consolidate the links between policy, research, teaching, training and society. Human activities and their effects, including the socio-economic consequences, must be considered to gain a better understanding on ecosystem function at a global scale.
I serve as a national and European Union (EU) expert on the Water Framework Directive, the Marine Strategy Directive, Eutrophication and DPSIR . I serve as an evaluator for Natural Environment Research Council (UK-NERC), the Irish Research Council (IRC), Portuguese Research Council (FCT), European Union Environment and Climate Change Board and European Science Foundation (ESF). I also serve as a member of the Executive Board of the World Maritime University (WMU).
I serve as an expert Nutrient Criteria to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA USA).